Board of Health


West Nile Virus Alert, August 31, 2018

The current alert level for West Nile Virus is moderate.  WNV is a life-threatening disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes.  So far there have been five confirmed human cases in Massachusetts.  Mosquitoes carrying the virus have been found throughout the commonwealth.  MOST EXPOSURES OCCUR IN AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER.  For the next couple of weeks, be especially vigilant about avoiding mosquito bites: outside, wear long pants and sleeves, use mosquito repellent, and empty standing water.  Keep mosquitoes out of the house.

More information is available from the Department of Public Health:


Information on the well water at Town Hall

At a meeting on March 29, 2017, which was attended by two members of the Board of Selectmen, the Board of Health reviewed the results of water tests of samples taken from the the Town Hall kitchen and wellhouse as well as samples analyzed in 2006 and 1996.  The current samples show – surprise! – high sodium; though there is not a limit, the guideline maximum is 20 mg/L.  In addition, chloride, sediment, and total dissolved solids exceed DEP drinking water standards.  As a result of these exceedances, the faucets in the kitchen and the three restrooms in Town Hall have been posted.  A second bottled water source has been provided in the kitchen for easy access to drinking water on the lower level.

In practice, this changes very little.  The water was already known to be only marginally drinkable, and the town has been providing bottled water for drinking for many years now.  The kitchen, contrary to what some may think, has not been licensed by the Board of Health for the preparation of food from scratch for at least the last twenty-five years, so this does not change the status of the kitchen.  (The kitchen may be used by those working or meeting in Town Hall for refrigeration, reheating, and dishwashing.)  Posting the water in Town Hall merely formalizes what has been common knowledge for a long time.

That said, the results that we have seen do not suggest that the water is dangerous if drunk occasionally.  There is no bacterial contamination that would make a person sick, and no evidence of contamination from septic systems.  An extensive scan of volatile organic compounds indicates no cause for concern.

In the opinion of the Board of Health and our agents, the most likely source of the sodium, chloride, sediment, and dissolved solids in the water is road salt infiltrating the well through some deterioration or break in the well casing.  We have not seen high levels of these parameters in other wells in the area about which we have information, suggesting that the problem is in our well itself.

The big question is what to do next.  The three options are: do nothing and continue to rely on bottled water; attempt to rehabilitate the existing well; and drill a new well.  In our opinion, it is not appropriate for the Board of Health to decide among these options.  The costs, the benefits, and the risks of each course of action must be considered.  We are turning our problem over to a higher power.   For the moment, that higher power is the Board of Selectmen, who will consider this question at their meeting of April 4. 

 In this context, the question of further testing is on hold.  The tests that were envisioned were a first-draw lead test, to determine if there are problems with the plumbing, and a test for PCBs, which was to be done at the same time as PCB scans of water from the Fire Station and Highway Department (bundling them saves money).  If the Town makes the decision to try to repair the well, these tests will of course be necessary.


Click here for flyer describing the Housing Rehabilitation Loan Program


Useful information

Are you a septic system installer or pumper?  Click here for information

Please email the Board of Health for application forms.


Building permit applications

What you need to get Board of Health approval (coming soon).

Septic systems

How they work, how to get one, how to take care of it

Drinking water wells

Information about drinking water wells, the text of Shutesbury's well regulation, and a well permit application

Outdoor woodburning boilers

Full text of a regulation governing these heating devices, which was adopted in 2010.  

Lyme disease

Information about the disease, how to avoid it, and how to deal with ticks.



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2016 and earlier

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